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Salivary Gland Disease

Salivary gland diseases encompass a range of conditions affecting the glands responsible for producing saliva, including the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands.

Common salivary gland disorders include infections, such as sialadenitis, which can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty opening the mouth. Additionally, salivary gland stones, or sialolithiasis, can obstruct the ducts, leading to pain and swelling during meal times. Tumors of the salivary glands, both benign and malignant, may also occur, necessitating careful evaluation and management.

Surgery is often a treatment option for salivary gland diseases, particularly when conservative measures fail to provide relief or when there is suspicion of a tumor. Minimally invasive techniques, such as sialendoscopy, may be employed to remove stones or address ductal obstructions, while more extensive procedures, such as superficial or total parotidectomy, may be necessary for the treatment of tumors.

At Metro ENT we utilise advanced surgical techniques and state-of-the-art technology to ensure optimal outcomes and minimise the risk of complications, providing compassionate care and support to patients throughout their treatment journey.

Dr Ryan De Freitas

MBBS (Hons), BMedSci, MRCS, DOHNS, FRACS

ENT Surgeon

Common indicators of salivary gland disease include:

Swelling, pain, and tenderness in the affected gland or glands, often exacerbated during meal times. Other symptoms may include dry mouth, difficulty opening the mouth fully, and in some cases, pus discharge from the duct opening.

Diagnosis typically involves a thorough medical history and physical examination, focusing on the location, size, and consistency of the gland swelling. Imaging studies such as ultrasound, CT scans, or MRI scans may be ordered to further evaluate the salivary glands and identify any obstructions, tumors, or other abnormalities.

In some cases, additional tests such as saliva flow rate measurements or sialography, which involves injecting a contrast dye into the salivary ducts followed by X-rays, may be performed to aid in diagnosis.

Prompt evaluation and diagnosis are essential to initiate appropriate treatment and prevent potential complications associated with salivary gland disease.